Altered kinetic properties of tyrosine-183 to cysteine mutation in glutamine synthetase of anabaena variabilis strain SA1 is responsible for excretion of ammonium ion produced by nitrogenase. uri icon

abstract

  • A L-methionine-D,L-sulfoximine-resistant mutant of the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis, strain SA1, excreted the ammonium ion generated from N-2 reduction. In order to determine the biochemical basis for the NH4+-excretion phenotype, glutamine synthetase (GS) was purified from both the parent strain SA0 and from the mutant. GS from strain SA0 (SA0-GS) had a pH optimum of 7.5, while the pH optimum for GS from strain SA1 (SA1-GS) was 6.8. SA1-GS required Mn+2 for optimum activity, while SA0-GS was Mg+2 dependent. SA0-GS had the following apparent K-m values at pH 7.5: glutamate, 1.7 mM; NH4+, 0.015 mM; ATP, 0.13 mM. The apparent K-m for substrates was significantly higher for SA1-GS at its optimum pH (glutamate, 9.2 mM; NH4+, 12.4, mM; ATP, 0.17 mM). The amino acids alanine, aspartate, cystine, glycine, and serine inhibited SA1-GS less severely than the SA0-GS. The nucleotide sequences of glnA (encoding glutamine synthetase) from strains SA0 and SA1 were identical except for a single nucleotide substitution that resulted in a Y183C mutation in SA1-GS. The kinetic properties of SA1-GS isolated from E. coli or Klebsiella oxytoca glnA mutants carrying the A. variabilis SA1 glnA gene were also similar to SA1-GS isolated from A. variabilis strain SAL These results show that the NH4+-excretion phenotype of A. variabilis strain SA1 is a direct consequence of structural changes in SA1-GS induced by the Y183C mutation, which elevated the K-m values for NH4+ and glutamate, and thus limited the assimilation of NH4+ generated by N-2 reduction. These properties and the altered divalent cation-mediated stability of A. variabilis SA1-GS demonstrate the importance of Y183 for NH4+ binding and metal ion coordination.

publication date

  • 2003
  • 2003
  • 2003