Wheat grain number: Identification of favourable physiological traits in an elite doubled-haploid population uri icon

abstract

  • A detailed and accurate phenotyping of mapping populations is an important "bottleneck" for the understanding of the phenotype-genotype relationships. Grain number per unit area (GN), the main wheat yield component, can be analyzed through physiological components as spike dry weight at flowering, determined by crop growth rate and biomass partitioning to spike during stem elongation phase, and fruiting efficiency. The phenotypic variability of these physiological traits responsible for variation in GN and the relationships among them was analyzed in an elite wheat doubled-haploid (DH) population grown in two different environments. Positive transgressive segregation (i.e. DH lines that exceed parental phenotypic values) was observed for all GN determining traits, suggesting that increases in GN could be achieved through their improvement. However, focusing on top DH lines, which represent a feasible genetic improvement, fruiting efficiency was the most relevant physiological trait for consistently improving GN, and thereby grain yield, in both environments. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2014
  • 2014