Assessment of iron bioavailability from twenty elite late-maturing tropical maize varieties using an in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model uri icon

abstract

  • An in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model was used to assess iron bioavailability of twenty elite late-maturing tropical maize varieties grown in three diverse agroecologies in West and Central Africa (WCA). Kernel-iron concentration of the varieties, averaged across locations, varied from 19.2 to 24.4 mg kg(-1), while mean kernel-zinc concentration ranged between 19.4 and 24.6mgkg(-1). Significant differences in iron bioavailability were observed among varieties, but the environment had no significant effect. Mean bioavailable iron ranged between 14% below and 43% above the reference control variety, TZB-SR. Variety DMR-LSR-Y with the highest concentrations of kernel-iron and -zinc of 24-25 mg kg(-1) across the three locations had a similar quantity of bioavailable iron as the reference control, TZB-SR. In the long run this variety could be potentially effective in reducing iron deficiency because of its high kernel-iron. The most promising varieties were Mid-altitude STR synthetic and ACR91SUWAN-1-SRC1. They had kernel-iron and -zinc levels of 22-24mgkg(-1) and bioavailable iron 24-36% higher than the reference control, TZB-SR. Additional research is necessary to determine if the increases in kernel-iron concentration and bioavailable iron observed in this study can significantly improve the iron status of individuals in WCA at risk for iron deficiency. (C) 2004 Society of Chemical Industry.

publication date

  • 2004
  • 2004
  • 2004