Asynchrony in cultivation among Philippine rice farmers: Causes and prospects for change uri icon

abstract

  • Asynchrony in planting among rice fields leads to increased losses from insects and diseases and to reduced efficiency in irrigation. Accurate assessment of the causes of such variation is essential in planning corrective measures that further the interests of rural households. In an area of intensive cultivation in Central Luzon, Philippines, a new analytic procedure indicated that irrigation and drainage-related factors were the principal causes of ecologically significant asynchrony and that farmers, in the operations under their control, acted to reduce asynchrony. A pilot effort that drew on these results found friction between farmers and the irrigation authority over fee collection and system rehabilitation to be the major constraint to achieving greater synchrony. It is argued, however, that in the long run, financial pressures may favour the cooperation such a scheme requires. Future initiatives should emphasize the multiple benefits of greater synchrony and ensure effective representation of both landless and farmer interests.

publication date

  • 1993
  • 1993
  • 1993