Identification of SUB1A alleles from wild rice Oryza rufipogon Griff. uri icon

abstract

  • Submergence stress is a major constraint to rice production in South and Southeast Asia. Most rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars die within a week of complete submergence, while a small number of accessions are submergence-tolerant for up to 2 weeks or more. These cultivars have the tolerant allele of the SUB1A gene, one of three ERF genes at this locus on rice chromosome 9. In all O. sativa varieties studied, the SUB1A gene is limited to a subset of indica accessions of O. sativa. Thus far, there has been no published report of the SUB1A gene in wild rice species. Here we report evidence of the SUB1A gene found in wild species of O. rufipogon Griff. accessions by the use of degenerate primers corresponding to the most highly conserved regions of the SUB1 locus. The results indicated that two SUB1A-like alleles, e. g. OrSub1A-1 and OrSub1A-2, were identified from two O. rufipogon accessions. Submergence treatment shows that both of the accessions with SUB1A-like genes were submergence-intolerant. This preliminary study provides insight into the origin and allelic variation of SUB1A, an agronomically important gene that is rapidly being introduced into widely-grown rice cultivars.

publication date

  • 2011
  • 2011
  • 2011