Effect of Integrating Planting Time, Fungicide Application and Host Resistance on Potato Late Blight Development in South‐western Uganda uri icon

abstract

  • The presence of inocula all year round poses a daunting challenge to the management of late blight [causal agent Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) De Bary] of Solanum potato in the highlands of eastern Africa. Commercial production depends heavily on use of fungicides and, to some extent, host resistance. In this study, integration of host resistance and fungicide application reduced late blight severity by more than 50% and resulted in yield gains of more than 30% when compared with the untreated control. The study demonstrated that susceptible varieties can be successfully grown in the region if well-timed fungicide sprays are administered. Under high late blight pressure, fungicide application was necessary but integration of resistant cultivars in late blight management assisted in reducing the amount and frequency of fungicide applications. However, integration of timely planting (early planting) is difficult due to limitations in weather monitoring and the subsistence nature of the farming system in the eastern African highlands.

publication date

  • 2002
  • 2002