Reliable multiplication of seed for NERICA varieties of rice, Oryza sativa L. uri icon

abstract

  • A comparison of breeder seed from different seed sources produced guidelines for multiplication of NERICA (New Rice for Africa) varieties. Lower percentage detection of offtypes was noted with seed from a breeder than with seed from the Genetic Resources Unit (GRU) of the Africa Rice Center. The GRU grows breeder seed in the field as bulk populations of varieties and this seed is multiplied for the foundation seed. Breeders, however, always cultivate the variety in each family with several lines. In the comparison, each NERICA variety was cultivated as a single plant per hill for easy offtype detection in the field. Any offtypes or doubtful plants were recorded and immediately discarded. The breeder seed was not always genetically uniform because it was not yet fixed genetically and included mechanical seed mixture as well as natural mutants. Offtypes were classified into categories such as chlorophyll mutants, aberrations of plant height, plant types and panicle types, semi- or high sterility, awnness, apiculous color, leaf sheath color and excessively early plants. The causes of these offtypes were mainly (1) mechanical seed mixture, (2) segregation in genetically-unfixed material, (3) out-crossing with another variety, or (4) natural mutation. In 2006, we multiplied foundation seed using used home-saved seed from the 2005 crop harvested after removal of offtypes. The detection percentage of offtypes decreased compared with the previous year, but the number of semi- or high sterility plants increased significantly. This review confirms that breeder seed must be maintained with line culture within a family.

publication date

  • 2007
  • 2007