Effects of temperature on the activity and kinetics of the granulovirus infecting the potato tuber moth Phthorimaea operculella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) uri icon

abstract

  • The granulovirus infecting the potato tuber moth (PoGV) is an important biocontrol agent, especially for managing the pest in rustic potato storerooms. For efficient propagation and use of baculoviruses in pest control strategies, information on the effects of temperature on virus multiplication and activity is crucial. The interaction between PoGV infection and incubation temperature on P. operculella was studied in laboratory bioassays by determining the survival, yield of virus-infected larvae, and the kinetics of virus in vivo increase. Bioassays for LC50 determination by using the egg-dip method were repeated over a period of six years in controlled incubation chambers at six constant temperatures ranging from 16 to 28 degrees C. Additionally, at temperatures of 17 and 24 degrees C the kinetics of virus development and increase in larva were assessed in destructive time-series experiments. Three different virus concentrations were used for inoculation. Control mortality was significantly temperature-dependent and was well described by a second-order polynomial function, with lowest mortality at 25 degrees C (similar to 20%) and highest at 16 degrees C (>60%). LC50 values and slopes of probit-mortality curves were not significantly different between temperatures. Numbers of virus-infected larvae increased exponentially with increasing log-concentration of virus inoculum; an effect of temperature was not evident. Virus granules per larva correlated highly with larval age and larval weight. Multiple regression revealed minor direct effects of temperature on virus numbers; however, with decreasing temperature, larval weight and hence virus numbers increased. As a result, temperature is an important factor to be considered in virus-production facilities. Rearing temperature in virus-production facilities should be maintained at temperatures around 24 degrees C. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2008
  • 2008