Integrated management of late leaf spot and rust diseases of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) with Prosopis juliflora leaf extract and chlorothalonil uri icon

abstract

  • Late leaf spot (LLS, Phaeoisariopsis personata) and rust (Puccinia arachidis) are the two major biotic constraints of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) of global importance. To identify economic and eco-friendly disease management options, we evaluated extracts of 38 plant spp. of 23 families, for their antifungal activity. Aqueous leaf extracts (20%, w/v) of Prosopis juliflora and Lycopersicon esculentum completely inhibited the in vitro germination of P. personata and P. arachidis, and extracts of Achras sapota, Cyamposis tetragonolobus, Piper betle and Tagetus patula were inhibitory by >95%. In the greenhouse, the severity of LLS and rust corresponded with the time interval between the foliar application of leaf extract and fungal inoculum. Extract of P. juliflora (2%, w/v) in simultaneous application reduced the lesion frequency of LLS and rust by ~75%, and 35.7% and 50.7% in a prophylactic spray of 96 h before the pathogen inoculation. The extract had no effect on the phenolic content of groundnut leaves both during LLS and rust infections. In the field, P. juliflora extract applied four times at 15-day intervals, was effective against LLS and rust up to 95 days after sowing (d.a.s.). Foliar application of P. juliflora extract at 45, 75 and 90 d.a.s. and chlorothalonil at 60 d.a.s. effectively reduced foliar diseases severity and increased the pod yields by 81-98%. This study identified P. juliflora extract as a significant component for the integrated management of groundnut foliar diseases

publication date

  • 2005
  • 2005