Characterization of Root Systems with Respect to Morphological Traits and Nitrogen-Absorbing Ability in the New Plant Type of Tropical Rice Lines uri icon

abstract

  • The objective of this study was to characterize the root systems of the new plant type (NPT) of tropical rice (Oryza sative (L)) lines compared with the root system of IR72, one of the elite modern varieties. Two field experiments were conducted to observe plant growth under canopy conditions in the 1997 and 1998 wet seasons. In addition, a pot experiment was conducted in the 1998 dry season to observe plant growth under isolated conditions. The root systems of the NPT lines were characterized by roots heavier than those of IR72. The larger root dry weight (DW) is attributed partly to a genetically determined high root/shoot ratio because, irrespective of growth conditions, the ratio was larger in the NPT lines than in IR72. An increase in root DW was accompanied by an increase in the length of the whole root system, including fine roots. However, despite the differences between the NPT lines and IR72 in root DW and root length, there were no significant differences in the amount of nitrogen (N) absorbed throughout the growth period. Therefore, the specific absorption rate of N per root DW (SAR(N), mg N g(-1) root DW d(-1)) was lower in the NPT lines than in IR72. We concluded that, although the root systems of the NPT lines grew prolifically, they were not necessarily more efficient in terms of N absorption compared with the root system of IR72.

publication date

  • 2005
  • 2005
  • 2005