Effect of plant density on grain yield, root–length density and Orobanche crenata infestation in two faba bean genotypes
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The effect of host plant cultivar and sowing density on Orobanche crenata Forsk. L. infestation in Vicia faba was studied in a field experiment in north-west Syria. Two faba bean genotypes, ILB 1814 (Syrian Local Large) and 402/29/84 (new breeding line from Egypt), were planted at four sowing densities. Whereas ILB 1814 was severely affected by O. crenata, 402/29/84 proved to be highly resistant. Sowing density did not have a significant effect on O. crenata dry weight in either genotype. However, the number of O. crenata attachments in ILB 1814 was positively correlated with plant density. The resistance of faba bean genotype 402/29/84 to O. crenata is due to: (a) less plant vigour and root-length density; (b) necrosis of host cells preventing O. crenata attack either before or just after penetration into the host root, or developing a barrier in the host root after the formation of a small tubercle; (c) early flowering and pod setting.
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