Characterization of Oryza rufipogon-derived resistance to tungro disease in rice uri icon

abstract

  • Rice tungro disease (RTD) is caused by the interaction between Rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV) and Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV), both of which are transmitted by green leafhoppers (GLH). In order to define the resistance against RTD in rice cv. Matatag 9 which was developed by interspecific hybridization between RTD-susceptible cv. IR64 and Oryza rufipogon, the reactions of Matatag 9 to the viruses and GLH were evaluated in comparison with RTD-susceptible and -resistant rice cultivars. The incidences of infection with RTSV and RTBV in Matatag 9 were significantly lower than those in the susceptible parent cv. IR64; however, no substantial differences in virus accumulation were observed between IR64 and Matatag 9 once infected with the viruses. Symptoms in Matatag 9 infected with RTBV and RTSV were milder than those observed in IR64. A higher level of antixenosis to GLH was observed in Matatag 9 compared with IR64. The levels of antibiosis against GLH in Matatag 9 were comparable with those in another GLH-resistant cultivar, and significantly higher than those in RTD-susceptible cultivars. Collectively, these results suggest that tolerance to tungro viruses and resistance to GLH both contribute to the apparent resistance to RTD in Matatag 9, although possible involvement of other resistance mechanisms cannot be excluded.

publication date

  • 2007
  • 2007
  • 2007