Host suitability and thermal requirements of Lathromeris ovicida Risbec (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae), an egg parasitoid of cereal stemborers in Africa uri icon

abstract

  • Factors affecting the bionomics of the trichogrammatid egg parasitoid Lathromeris ovicida and its association with the two sympatric scelionid egg parasitoids Telenomus busseolae and Telenomus isis were studied in the laboratory. The potential host species employed were the noctuids Sesamia calamistis and Sesamia botanephaga, and the pyralids Eldana saccharina and Mussidia nigrivenella. Using eggs of S. calamistis Hampson as hosts, the lower and upper thresholds for development were estimated at 14.8 and 34 degreesC, respectively. The percent parasitism, total progeny, and sex ratio decreased gradually from 42.0 to 10.2, from 56.4 to 10.8, and from 0.74 to 0.61, respectively, with host age. The intrinsic rate of increase and female fecundity was highest on the two noctuids, followed by E saccharina and M. nigrivenella. Lathromeris ovicida preferentially attacked eggs already parasitised by either Telenomus busseolae or Telenomus isis. Thus, L. ovicida is probably a facultative hyperparasitoid. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2004
  • 2004