Cytological analysis of early microspore divisions leading to gametic embryo formation in Quercus suber L. anther cultures uri icon

abstract

  • The correlation between the phenologic stage of the inflorescence and the microspore development stage was studied. Cytological examinations of the development of microspores during in vitro anther culture of cork oak (Quercus suber L.), were carried out during the first four weeks of culture. To observe the division occurring in the microspores, anthers were taken randomly from the cultures after heat shock treatment and were stained with DAPI. Most of the anthers responding to a heat stress treatment contained 91 % vacuolated microspores, indicating that this developmental stage is responsive to embryogenesis induction in cork-oak microspores. After the heat shock treatment some cork-oak microspores were induced and initiated the embryogenic pathway with the occurrence of numerous symmetric mitosis, producing structures with two to ten or more nuclei. These lead to the formation of high numbers of multicellular cork-oak microspores (pro-embryos). Twenty-forty days after induction, small white globular and cotyledonal embryos were observed, which further developed root and shoot, regenerating plantlets.

publication date

  • 2005
  • 2005