Photocatalytic degradation of gaseous perchloroethylene in continuous flow reactors : Rate enhancement by chlorine radicals uri icon

abstract

  • The degradation of perchloroethylene (PCE) by UV/TiO2 photocatalysis in gas phase was studied. The degradation efficiency has been compared in different continuous flow reactors: a photocatalytic tangential reactor (PTR) where the air flows tangentially over the catalytic medium and two photocatalytic filtering reactors (PFR) where the air flows through the porous catalytic medium. The degradation rate shows a linear for the PTR, but the degradation was negligible for the PFR. The dependence with the concentration of pollutants (up to 350 mg PCE/N m(3)) degradation rate was enhanced by accelerating the chlorine radicals' formation (by adding HCl in catalytic quantity in the air flow or by PCE over-heating). In these conditions, the oxidation rate constant of PCE in the PFR was about five times higher than that in the PTR, although the mass of catalyst involved in the PFR was about 10 times lower and the contact time was about a 1000 times shorter than that of the PTR. Thus, the catalyst is globally more efficiently used in the PFR, as the mass transfer is not limiting. As a result, a degradation mechanism of PCE, involving the generation of free chlorine radicals, as the first limiting step, has been confirmed. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • 2007
  • 2007