Stripe rust resistance gene Yr18 and its suppressor gene in Chinese wheat landraces uri icon

abstract

  • The slow-rusting and mildewing gene Yr18/Lr34/Pm38/Sr57 confers partial, durable resistance to multiple fungal pathogens and has its origins in China. A number of diagnostic markers were developed for this gene based on the gene sequence, but these markers do not always predict the presence of the resistant phenotype as some wheat varieties with the gene are susceptible to stripe rust in China. We hypothesized that these varieties have a suppressor of Yr18. This study was undertaken to determine the presence of Yr18, the suppressor and/or another resistance gene in 144 Chinese wheat landraces using molecular markers and stripe rust field data. Forty-three landraces were predicted to have Yr18 based on the presence of the markers, but had final disease severities higher than 70%, indicating that this gene may be under the influence of a suppressor. Four of these landraces, 'Sichuanyonggang 2', 'Baikemai', 'Youmai' and 'Zhangsihuang', were chosen for genetic studies. Crosses were made between the lines and 'Avocet S', with further crosses of Sichuanyonggang 2 9 'Huixianhong' and Sichuanyonggang 2 9 'Chinese Spring'. The F-1 plants of Sichuanyonggang 2/Chinese Spring was susceptible indicating the presence of a dominant suppressor gene. The results of genetic analyses of F-2:3 and BC1F2 families derived from these crosses indicated the presence of Yr18, a Yr18 suppressor and another additive resistance gene. The Yr18 region in Sichuanyonggang 2 was sequenced to ensure that it contained the functional allele. This is the first report of a suppressor of Yr18/Lr34/Pm38/Sr57 gene with respect to stripe rust response.

publication date

  • 2015
  • 2015