Using Agriculture to Improve Child Health: Promoting Orange Sweet Potatoes Reduces Diarrhea uri icon

abstract

  • Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is prevalent throughout the developing world, and causes night blindness and increases child morbidity and mortality. We studied the health benefits of biofortification in reducing VAD, using a cluster-randomized impact evaluation in 36 villages in northern Mozambique. Based on a sample of 1,321 observations of children under the age 5, biofortification reduced diarrhea prevalence by 11.4 percentage points (95% CI 2.0-20.8), and by 18.9 percentage points in children under the age three (95% CI 6.6-68.3). Diarrhea duration was also reduced. This is promising evidence that child health can be improved through agricultural interventions such as biofortification. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

publication date

  • 2015
  • 2015
  • 2015