GGE BIPLOT ANALYSIS FOR GENOTYPE X ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION ON YIELD TRAIT OF HIGH FE CONTENT RICE GENOTYPES IN INDONESIAN IRRIGATED ENVIRONMENTS uri icon

abstract

  • The prevalence of Iron (Fe) defficiency in Indonesia is around 31 - 63.5 %. High Fe content rice lines had been developed to overcome the problem. This study was aimed to explore the effect of genotype (G) and genotype x environment inter-action (GEI) on yield of 21 high Fe content rice genotypes under 5 irrigated field environments. The research was conducted at DS 2011 in 2 locations and DS 2012 in 3 locations following randomized complete block design with three replications in each location. Combined analysis of variance showed genotype x environment inter-action at 1% probability level, where G and GEI captured totally 88.8% of total variability. There were two Mega-environments constructed, i.e. Mega-E-1 that contained environments of trials in dry season 2011 (E4 and E5) with the winner of G12 (BP9474C-1-1-B) and Mega-E-2 that contained environments of trials in dry season 2012 (E1, E2, and E3) with the winner of G3 (A69-1). E1 (Subang, DS 2012), E2 (Karawang, DS 2012), and E3 (Indramaru, DS 2012) had good discriminativeness and representasiveness for yield trait of high Fe content rice lines. Mean performance and stability of genotypes indicated that G3 (A69-1; average 6.72 t ha(-1)) was highly stable with high yield.

publication date

  • 2015
  • 2015