Measurement and determinants of rural poverty: Household consumption patterns and food poverty in rural Sudan
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A logit model and Engel curves are used to study the determinants of food poverty and composition of household consumption among the tenant farmers of the Rahad Scheme in Sudan where land is equally distributed. The data support the permanent income hypothesis, whereas Engel's assumption of declining food shares with increased total spending did not hold for the present sample. The logit analysis provides strong evidence for the important influences of better access to productive assets other than land, smaller-sized families, higher non-farm earnings and farming experience on reducing the probability of food poverty on the scheme. Policies directed towards the provision of better family planning, education, extension, increased on- and off-farm employment and improved infrastructure for higher labour mobility can make for effective poverty alleviation programmes in this sector.
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