Poverty in South Asia: Approaches to its alleviation
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South Asia faces a difficult challenge in alleviating absolute poverty. Besides a sustained labour-intensive, employment-oriented strategy of economic growth, a direct assault on poverty is needed. In addition to redistribution of land, the political feasibility of which is very limited, poverty-alleviating measures in South Asia are classified into three types: a system of subsidized food distribution; creation of assets, mainly through credit targeted towards the poor, for self-employment; and public employment schemes on public works projects. Among the conditions governing their success are: widely based public support; accurate identification of the poor; and strong local government capable of implementing technically sound and economically efficient projects.
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