Changes in pectins and MAPKs related to cell development during early microspore embryogenesis in Quercus suber L. uri icon

abstract

  • The occurrence and significance of changes in cell wall components and signalling molecules has been investigated during early microspore embryogenesis in cork oak (Quercus saber L.) in relation to cell proliferation and cell differentiation. Microspore embryogenesis has been induced in in vitro anther cultures of Q. saber by the application of a stress treatment of 33degreesC. After the treatment, microspores at the responsive developmental stage of vacuolate microspore switched towards proliferation and the embryogenesis pathway to further produce haploid plantlets. Ultrastructural and immunocytochemical analysis revealed changes in cell organisation after induction at different developmental stages, the cellular features displayed being in relation to the activation of proliferative activity and the beginning of differentiation in young and late proembryos. Immunogold labelling with JIM5 and JIM7 antibodies showed a different presence of pectin and level of its esterification in cell walls at different developmental stages. Non-esterified pectins were found in higher proportions in cells of late proembryos, suggesting that pectin de-esterification could be related to the beginning of differentiation. The presence and subcellular distribution of Erk 1/2 MAPK homologues have been investigated by immunoblottting, immunofluorescence and immunogold labelling. The results showed an increase in the expression of these proteins with a high presence in the nucleus, during early microspore proembryos development. The reported changes during early microspore embryogenesis are modulated in relation to proliferation and differentiation events. These findings provided new evidences for a role of MAPK signalling pathways in early microspore embryogenesis, specifically in proliferation, and would confer information for the cell fate and the direction of the cell development.

publication date

  • 2004
  • 2004