International Germplasm Collection, Conservation, and Exchange at ICRISAT uri icon

abstract

  • Germplasm is the most important raw material for any crop improvementprogram, and yet humankind continues to be faced with theextinction of this invaluable and irreplaceable resource. One of the bestdescriptions of genetic resources is given by Mehra and Arora (16) whostated, "Plant genetic resources represent the sum total of diversity accumulatedthrough years of evolution under domestication and naturalselection". Genetic manipulation (3) is advancing at a fast pace and theprocess may be even more accelerated by the application of geneticengineering techniques. But nothing can be achieved, even by geneticengineering, unless those desirable genes are at our disposal. Jain (11)considered germplasm as part of human biological heritage withoutwhose free exchange present-day farm productivity would not have beenpossible. In this regard, the International Agricultural Research Centersstrategically located at regions of rich crop diversity are in a unique positionto collect and conserve germplasm and make it readily available to allscientists throughout the world

publication date

  • 1984
  • 1984