Soil evaluation for Castanea sativa afforestation in Northeastern Spain uri icon

abstract

  • This paper is focused on the soil characterisation of forest sites where Castanea sativa wood stands are located in Catalonia (NE of Spain) as a former and essential requirement to future afforestation programs with this species. From 28 sample plots field survey, several soil indexes have been calculated and, their central and marginal values have been established, defining a range of soil conditions where this species can successfully live in Catalonia. So, we can see that soils are developed on acid bedrock as parent material, basically igneous rocks such as granodiorite and granite, but they occur on schist as well. Their predominant texture is loamy-sand. Soils have low water holding capacity, mainly due to their high stoniness and steep slopes. Nevertheless, regular rainfall distribution all year around, avoids meteorological drought as well as reduces physiological drought. Annual rainfall distribution and steep slopes are responsible for the dwarf development of argic horizons. Soils are relatively poor in organic matter, and despite being generally very acid they have forest mull humus forms.

publication date

  • 2002
  • 2002