Reactions and Resistance Status of Differential Rice Genotypes to Rice Yellow Mottle Virus, Genus Sobemovirus in Cote d`Ivoire uri icon

abstract

  • High yielding rice genotypes with good levels of resistance to RYMV were identified at Africa Rice Center-WARDA in Cote d‘Ivoire. The yields and resistance stability of these genotypes, however, remain uncertain. The performance of 13 genotypes over 10 different RYMV isolates from 7 localities in Cote d’Ivoire was tested in the screenhouse. Chlorophyll (SPAD) and yield reductions due to RYMV disease were evaluated. Considerable diversity was observed in the reactions of these genotypes to all the RYMV isolates. Percentage yields and SPAD reduction were between 2.3-90.3 and 5.3-40%, respectively. Of 13 rice genotypes studied, IR 47686-15-1-1(P) had the lowest mean SPAD and yield reductions. The levels of resistance shown by japonicas were better than those of indicas. Six genotypes (FARO 11; GIGANTE (tete); H 232-44-1-1; IR 47686-15-1-1(P); IR 47686-15-1-1; ITA 235) could be described as possessing both stable and acceptable levels of resistance to RYMV. The high genotype by environment interactions in the reactions of the rice genotypes to RYMV suggests the possible existence of different strains of RYMV in Cote d’Ivoire. This information could be useful in rice breeding programs aiming at deployment of RYMV resistant genotypes to different rice ecologies and localities in Cote d’Ivoire.

publication date

  • 2004