Definition of the low molecular weight glutenin subunit gene family members in a set of standard bread wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) varieties uri icon


  • Low-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (LMW-GS) are a class of seed storage proteins that play a major role in the determination of the viscoelastic properties of wheat dough. The LMW-GSs are encoded by multi-gene families at the Glu-A3, Glu-B3 and Glu-D3 loci, with more than 15 genes present in most bread wheat varieties. However, the genic profile associated with different alleles has not been clearly defined. Here, the LMW-GSs in a set of standard varieties were analyzed using molecular markers. In most cases, each Glu-3 allele was represented by a specific haplotype; however, some alleles were undistinguishable. The Glu-A3e and Glu-A3g alleles showed an identical marker haplotype, as did the alleles Glu-B3c and Glu-B3d, and Glu-B3f and Glu-B3ab. In contrast, two haplotypes among varieties designated Glu-D3c were differentiated. The marker profiles present at the Glu-D3 locus exhibited less variation compared to the genes at the Glu-A3 and Glu-B3 loci. Results show the potential of the LMW-GS gene marker system in the characterization of the LMW-GS alleles present in specific bread wheat varieties, and its reconciliation with protein-based nomenclature. This approach will advance the understanding of the contribution of each of the LMW-GS gene alleles in the control of the end-use quality

publication date

  • 2017