Daily and alternate day supplementation of Moringa oleifera leaf meal or soyabean meal to lambs receiving oat hay uri icon

abstract

  • Wehypothesizedthat Moringaoleifera foliagewhichishighincrudeproteinandalmostfreein mainsecondarycompoundscouldreplacesoyabeanmealusedinsupplementationstrategies of livestock.Therefore,thisexperimentaimedtoevaluatetheeffectofdailyandalternateday supplementationofMoringaleafmeal(MLM)orsoybeanmeal(SBM)tosheeponintakeand digestionandglucose,proteinandureainbloodplasma.TwentyBarbarinemalelambs (averageinitialbodyweight,27.373.0kg),wererandomlydividedintofourgroupsoffive lambseach.Theywereadaptedfor22daystodietarytreatmentsbeforestartinga6-daytotal collectionperiod.Allanimalsconsumedoathay ad libitum supplementedwithconcentrates composed ofbarleygrainonly(C-BAR)ormixedwithSBM(C-SBM),orMLM(C-MLM)as proteinsources.Groups1and2receiveddailyC-SBMandC-MLM,respectively.However, groups3and4hadaccesstoconcentratescontainingtheproteinsources(C-SBMandC-MLM) withalternatedaythatmeanstheyreceivedforonedaytheseconcentratesandinthe followingdaytheyreceivedbarleygrainonly(C-BAR).SoybeanmealandMLMincorporationin concentrateshadsimilareffects(P40.05)onwater,hay,anddigestibleorganicmatter(OM) intakes andDM,organicmatter(OM)andneutral detergentfiber(NDF)digestibility.Daily substitution ofSBMbyMLMincreased(P¼0.024)crudeprotein(CP)intakeandapparenttotal tractdigestibility.However,thealternatedaysupplementationdecreasedapparenttotaltract CP digestibilitybutincreasedCPintakefor SBM treatment.Theconcentrationofruminal ammonianitrogenbeforefeedingwashigher(P¼0.012)ingroups1and3thanintheother groups.Theconcentrationofbloodglucosewassimilar(P40.05)amongtreatments.However, lambsreceivingC-SBMexhibitedhighestconcentrationsofprotein(P¼0.039)andurea (P¼0.001)intheblood.ItisconcludedthatMLMadministeredattwoday-intervalshad similareffectsonfeedintake,digestionandbloodmetabolitestoSBMincorporatedin concentratedistributedtosheepreceivingoathay

publication date

  • 2014