Dynamics of land use change in Jambi issues, data, and methods uri icon

abstract

  • Forest conversion in Indonesia, using slash-and-burn as a land clearing technique, can involve a range of actors and objectives. Local smallholders, migrants, loggers, large-scaletreecrop estates (including industrial timber plantations), and government-sponsored resettlement schemes (called transmigration) all play a role in forest conversion. Althoughsmallholders often receive much of the blame for forest conversion, there has been little empirical work on this in Indonesia. Here we examine one aspect of this complex issue: the two-stage deforestation process in which smallholders â??encroachâ?? on logged-over forest. The focus of this study is the peneplains and piedmont (below 300 masl) of Jambi Province in central Sumatra, a relatively homogenous lowland region (once) covered by rich Dipterocarpforests and well-suited to rubber, oil palm, and timber planting by smallholders or large estates. Three events may have had a big effect on deforestation in Jambi in the 1980s: â?¢ The Trans-Sumatra Highway was completed, an all-weather road spanning theisland and linked to population centers in Java by ferry â?¢ Large areas were logged by commercial firms â?¢ Government-sponsored transmigration projects expanded

publication date

  • 2000