Kubweletza nthaka: ethnographic decision - trees & improved fallows in the eastern province of Zambia uri icon


  • Zambia has one of the highest population growth rates in the world, and was once the most urbanized country in Sub-Saharan Africa (Celis, Milimo and Wanmali, 1991). However, with the removal of fertilizer subsidies, the collapse of credit programs and severe drought, production of the main staple crop, maize, has fallen steadily over the past 5 years. As a result of falling production and rising population, the food security of the country has deteriorated(Economist Intelligence Unit, 1995). To combat maize production constraints, The International Center for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) and the Zambian Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries (MAFF) have undertaken a program to develop alternative soil fertility systems which will allow small farmers without access to credit or fertilizer to improve their maize production

publication date

  • 1999