Property rights, environmental services and poverty alleviation in Indonesia uri icon

abstract

  • I N 1999, M R . A DING S UWARNA , THE LEADER of the village of Tribudi Syukur in Sumatra, Indonesia, heard from a local forest officer about a new community forestry program providing farmers with long-term licenses to use degraded protected state forest land for coffee produc- tion. The requirements were that the farmers protect the remaining forest, plant environmentally-beneficial agroforestry trees in their coffee plantations, and use appropriate soil and water conservation practices. This program offered a new and potentially more effective approach to achieving sustainable forest management in Indonesia. Several times in the previ- ous two decades, coffee farmers in Tribudi Syukur and many other communities had been forcibly evicted from state forest land areas, their plantations de- stroyed, and trees planted by the government. Such efforts did not produce lasting protection or restoration of the forest areas, which were ravaged by subse- quent fires and illegal encroachments. The new community forestry, or Hutan Kamasyarakatan (HKm) program, sought a different approach: reward farmers with increased tenure security in already degraded areas in exchange for their cooperation in protecting the remaining forests and managing the land they use more sustainably
  • Rewards for environmental services (RES) have potential to maintain flows of environmental services while providing marginalized social groups with greater opportunities to generate income, obtain more secure property rights, and be included in environmental governance processes. This document proposes research on rewards for environmental services related to watershed management and carbon sequestration in two sites in Indonesia. Both are sites where substantial research and development has already been undertaken by ICRAF with Indonesian collaborators under the IFAD-funded program, Rewarding the Upland Poor for Environmental Services (RUPES). This project will identify factors affecting which communities and households benefit from such rewards, assess the household impacts of such rewards, and guide the design of reward mechanisms to provide greatest benefits for the poor. The research combines qualitative and quantitative methods, building upon other components of the RUPES program and the different disciplinary strengths of the research partners from Michigan State University, ICRAF, IFPRI and Lampung University. Two graduate students from Lampung University will be trained to MSc level. The project will support USAIDâ??s strategic priorities in Indonesia. The RUPES network will facilitate the dissemination of outputs throughout Asia

publication date

  • 2008
  • 2008