BASIS Brief: property rights, environmental services and poverty in Indonesia uri icon


  • IN 1999, MR. ADING SUWARNA, THE LEADER of the village of Tribudi Syukur in Sumatra, Indonesia, heard from a local forest officer about a new community forestry program providing farmers with long-term licenses to use degraded protected state forest land for coffee production. The requirements were that the farmers protect the remaining forest, plant environmentally-beneficial agroforestry trees in their coffee plantations, and use appropriate soil and water conservation practices. This program offered a new and potentially more effective approach to achieving sustainable forest management in Indonesia. Several times in the previous two decades, coffee farmers in Tribudi Syukur and many other communities had been forcibly evicted from state forest land areas, their plantations destroyed, and trees planted by the government. Such efforts did not produce lasting protection or restoration of the forest areas, which were ravaged by subsequent fires and illegal encroachments. The new community forestry, or Hutan Kamasyarakatan (HKm) program, sought a different approach: reward farmers with increased tenure security in already degraded areas in exchange for their cooperation in protecting the remaining forests and managing the land they use more sustainably

publication date

  • 2005