The impact of compliance with global GAP standards on small and large Kenyan export vegetable-producing farms uri icon


  • This chapter investigates the differences in the impact of compliance with Global-GAP standards on Kenyan export vegetable-producing farms. It presents empirical findings on the effects of vegetable export standards across farm sizes, namely smallholder, large-scale contracted and large-scale exporter-owned farms. The chapter assesses the economic performance of the three different certified farm types. Performance indicators applied are the financial cost of compliance with the Global-GAP standard, which sheds light on the risk that arises from the certification investment, as well as transaction cost indicators that can be attributed to the three different farm types from the buyers' perspective

publication date

  • 2011