Conservation and development in Amazonian extractive reserves: the case of Alto Jurua uri icon

abstract

  • Extractive reserves constitute an innovative approach to match conservation anddevelopment objectives, which were originally envisaged as part of a land struggle byforest dwellers in Brazil. In spite of the idea’s popularity and the attempts to apply theconcept to different tropical regions, there has been little analysis of the combinedconservation and development performance of extractive reserve programs. We presenta detailed analysis of deforestation and demographic and socioeconomic changes inAlto Jurua´, the first extractive reserve created in Brazil in 1990. Forest cover hasremained fairly stable. Population has declined slightly, with some internaldisplacements. The cash economy base has shifted from the original rubber productionto a diversified portfolio of agriculture and livestock, and there has been a dramaticrise in nonagrarian income. We conclude that the Reserve represents a very dynamicsetting with positive conservation and development outcomes during its first decade

publication date

  • 2005