Transforming subsistence products to propellers of sustainable rural development: non-timber forest products (NTFPs) production and trade in Cameroon uri icon

abstract

  • This paper makes a desk review of the role of non-timber forest products(NTFPs) in the rural economy of Cameroon either as a safety net or as a subsectorthat can propel sustainable rural development and poverty alleviation.NTFPs are materials derived from forests, excluding timber and related woodproducts but including bark, roots, tubers, corms, leaves, flowers, seeds,fruits, sap, resins, honey, fungi, and animal products. They are collected froma wide range of ecotypes such as high forest, farm fallow, otherwise disturbedforest, and farmland for use as food, medicine, and trade. In some cases, theyare the only means for local forest dwellers to participate in the cash economy(Sunderland et al, 2002: 1), especially with the collapse of the market prices ofCameroon’s primary export commodities such as cocoa and coffee. Recently,some NTFPs have emerged as non-conventional export commodities fromCameroon and the Central African region at large. Examples of such productsinclude “Gnetum spp.”, “Irvingia spp.”, “Ricinodendron heudelotti”, and“Dacryodes edulis”. These products had a total import value of 8,648,000 FF(US$ 1,729,600) to Paris (France) alone in 1999 (Tabuna, 2000: 163). This paperexplores the importance and potentials of NTFPs in poverty alleviation in the humid forest zone of Cameroon as well as highlights policy, technological,research and institutional weaknesses that may be strengthened for maximumbenefits in rural areas. These development interventions may propel localeconomic growth that can be geared at strengthening rural communities’capacity to better contribute to the millennium development goal of povertyalleviation

publication date

  • 2006