Legume genomics: A perspective uri icon

abstract

  • Legumes such as chickpea, pigeonpea andgroundnut are among the most importantcrops grown in Asia and Sub-SaharanAfrica. India is the major grower as well asconsumer of all these legume crops. Infact, India is also the biggest importer ofchickpea and pigeonpea. The productivityof these three legumes has been stagnantand unacceptably low for decades as theyare grown in marginal environments.Cereals have been the major beneficiary ofutilizing genomics approaches in breedingand the above mentioned legumes havestarted to catch up very recently withcereals and other crops in terms ofgenomic interventions in their breeding.For instance, last ten years have witnessedsignificant progress in the area ofdevelopment and deployment of genomictools in crop improvement programs.Better genotypes with enhanced levels ofresistance to biotic and abiotic stress aswell as higher yields have been designedand developed in all three legume crops.Advances in sequencing and phenotypingtechnologies are expected to see theoptimization and deployment of somemodern genomics-assisted breedingapproaches such as genomic selection,early generation screening, genome editingetc.We believe that by integrating genomics inbreeding, better seeds can be developedand those seeds coupled with appropriateagronomy and management practices canprovide better produce in the farmer?sfields

publication date

  • 2017