Adoption of soil and water conservation practices under different farming systems in the Sahel region of northern Mali uri icon

abstract

  • Climate change remains a major development challenge in developingcountries, particularly in the Sub Saharan African economies.A study was conducted to assess the adoption of SWCpractices under three farming systems (rice, cereals and mixedbased) in the northern region of Mali. Data was collected from297 farmer households, 16 NGOs and 11 focus group discussionsin 11 villages. Results indicated that SWC measures are the mostcritical entry points for improving land resource resilience andagricultural productivity. At least one SWC practice was implementedby more than half of the farmers in the studied villages.However, the rate of adoption of the individual measures is generallylow. Zai was the most common practice (43%), and thelikelihood of adoption of any of the other SWC measures is lessthan 25%. Significant variation was observed among the threefarming systems in the adoption of most of the SWC measures.About 69% of farmers residing in the mixed farming systemused Zai compared to 34% (cereal) and 32% (rice). About 35%of farmers in the mixed system used ponds relative to 16% ofthe users in the cereals system. The most common constraintsto SWC noted by farmers were lack of finance (29.5%) and limitedlabor (28%). The low uptake of SWC measures may hamperfarmer households from achieving sustainable resilience toclimate change. Inclusive strategies that include the use of improvedcrop varieties, integrated soil fertility management practices,credit schemes, and agro-meteorological forecasts in theextension and advisory services are recommended

publication date

  • 2017