Effective Utilization of Local Genetic Diversity of Pigeonpea, Sorghum and Finger Millet in Eastern and Southern Africa: Impacts and Prospects uri icon

abstract

  • Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) is the centre of genetic diversity for pigeonpea, sorghum and Finger millet. ICRISAT regional bank located in Nairobi-Kenya maintains about 6000 germplasm accessions that are ofgreater use in ESA. ICRISAT-Nairobi is regularly collecting local diversity existing in the region and thus collected germplasmcharacterized/evaluated to identify locally adapted germpalsm with highly desirable traits. Local diversity captured in ESAhas unique traits with respect to local agro-ecological adaptation, farmer and consumer preferred grain traits, toleranceto drought and region specific diseases. ESA regional germplasm also contributed to global genetic diversity maintainedICRISAT-Patancheru in several ways. During recent years 30 new varieties of pigeonpea (8), sorghum (10) and Fingermillet (12) were released in eight ESA countries and occupying huge area in respective countries. Pigeonpea is an examplecrop with great success recorded during last 15 years when breeding program started using local germplasm. Pigeonpeaimprovement in ESA started in 1992 by mostly relying on native germplasm and through this 33 high yielding varietiesthat are belonging to short(8), medium(13) and long(12) maturity group were released. A strong region specific geneticenhancement program is in operation with major breeding thrust on high grain yield, inter-cropping compatibility, photoperiodinsensitivity, grain quality, resistance and/or tolerance to Fusarium wilt and Helicoverpa pod borer and resilience toclimate change. Most of the cultivated germplasm is susceptible to insects but regional germplasm contributed developthat are insect-cum-drought tolerant, high yielding and big seeded (28 g/100 seed mass). ESA region has huge untappedpotential with respect to genetic diversity and its use in genetic enhancement

publication date

  • 2016