Climate change impact on food security uri icon

abstract

  • To end of hunger and malnutrition and achieve food security and improve nutrition isat the heart of the sustainable development goals. At the same time, climate change isalready impacting agriculture and food security, and will make the challenge of endinghunger and malnutrition even more difficult. The effects of climate change on ourecosystems are already severe and widespread, and ensuring food security in the face ofclimate change is the most daunting challenge facing humankind. While some of theproblems associated with climate change are emerging gradually, action is urgentlyneeded to build resilience in agricultural production systems. Despite tremendousprogress in crop production, almost 800 million people are chronically undernourished,and 161 million under-five year olds are stunted (FAO, 2016).According to the UnitedNations (2015) report, there are still 836 million people in the world living in extremepoverty (less than USD1.25/day). At least 70% of the poor people live in rural areas, mostof them depending partly or completely on agriculture for livelihood. It is estimated that500 million smallholder farms in the developing world are supporting almost 2 billionpeople. In Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, these small farms produce about 80% of the foodconsumed (IFAD, 2011)

publication date

  • 2016