Gendered Analysis of Stakeholder Perceptions of Climate Change, and the Barriers to its Adaptation in Mopti Region in Mali, Research Report no. 68 uri icon

abstract

  • The current study presents the farmer and community perceptions of the causes and effects of climatechange, the barriers to adoption of the resilient practices, and the present level of practices adoption inMopti region in Mali, paying special attention to the gender of household head and farming systems in theregion.The study results show that the majority of farmers perceive changes in climate in the past 10-20 yearsand that female-headed household in the region are more vulnerable to climate change. Strategiesto adapt to climate change are diversified, but as expected, the proportion of adopting households islower among the female-headed households than their male counterparts. The most commonly citedconstraints to climate resilient practices adoption are low agricultural productivity, declining soil fertilityand poor seed quality. However, female headed households have to withstand specific barriers includinglack of finances, labor shortages and lack of access to land. Adoption of adaptation technologies was alsoassessed in various farming systems. The more diversified a farmer?s system is, the more climate resilientit is. Farmers? reports that the most important adaptation methods influencing positively crop yield aremixed farming, irrigation, fertilizers and improved seed varieties. Crop yields, livestock units owned andper capita income significantly increase through technology diversification, but no clear relationship wasobserved with respect to food security indicators.In summary, the farming systems in the area are diversified but in order to have a more adaptive andresilient system, there is a need to design and implement inclusive locally adapted strategies promotingmixed farming and crop diversification, including use of improved crop varieties and soil fertilitymanagement. The lack of labor and finance, and lack of access to land and to adapted livestock breeds isalso an important barrier to climate resilient strategies, in particular for female farmers. There is a needto implement innovative and inclusive credit schemes to increase farmers? liquidity and capacity to investin climate change adaptation. Increased adoption of climate resilient practices can also be enhancedby integrating climate change and agro-meteorological forecasts in the current extension and advisoryservices. Finally, improving local nutritional skills through enhanced diets could increase climate resilienceby augmenting food security

publication date

  • 2016