Reconciling Global and Local Benefits from Communally Managed Forests: Evidence from a Choice Experiment on PES in Zambia uri icon


  • Agriculture is considered as one of the major drivers of deforestation worldwide. Especiallyin Africa, this process is driven by small-scale agriculture. Agricultural intensification iswidely proposed as measure to reduce pressure on forests. Empirical evidence suggests,however, that win-win relations between agricultural intensification and forest conservationare the exception. As option, payments for ecosystem services (PES) could be linked tosmall-scale agricultural support programs and safeguard reduced deforestation whileachieving agricultural intensification. Nevertheless, little scientific evidence exists regardingperceptions of potential PES recipients for such designs. We report from a discrete choiceexperiment in Zambia, that elicited preferences of small scale farmers for PES contractsincorporating incentives for agricultural intensification. The experimental design includedboth monetary and non-monetary contract attributes. Our results suggest that potential PESrecipients in Zambia value in-kind agricultural inputs higher than cash payments,highlighting that PES could potentially succeed in conserving forests and intensifying smallscaleagriculture. Respondents also put significant emphasis on improved tenure security andnon-monetary contract attributes, thus allowing to considerably reduce overall costs of PES ifdesigned appropriately

publication date

  • 2016