Bhoo Samruddhi : A Compendium of Success Stories, Research Report IDC-2 uri icon

abstract

  • Across the world, rainfed areas are hotspots of poverty, malnutrition and degradation of naturalresources. In India, of 142 m ha of arable lands, 60% is rainfed. Karnataka has the second largestarea under rainfed agriculture only after Rajasthan in the country. Farmers? crop yields in drylandareas are quite low (1.0 -1.5 t ha-1), about two to five times below potential yield. Recent findingsfrom the ?Comprehensive Assessment of Water for Food and Water for Life? revealed that themillennium development goal of reducing the number of poor people by half can be met only throughefficient use of scarce water resources for agriculture. Food production can be increased substantiallyin rainfed areas by applying enhanced water use efficiency measures, improving soil health status,and implementing other new technologies in an integrated approach. It is evident that the vastpotential of rainfed agriculture can be unlocked by using available scientific technologies includingimproved cultivars.Recognizing the problem, the Department of Agriculture (DoA), Government of Karnataka (GoK),has adopted science-led initiatives for achieving impact oriented development in the state. Inthis endeavor, it has sought to bring in international expertise to unlock the potential of rainfedagriculture in the state. Bhoochetana, the farmer-centric initiative taken up by GoK has benefitedmore than 4.3 million farm households in the state. In addition, the government has initiated anumber of innovative measures to improve agricultural production and livelihood of farmers in thestate during the last four years.Realizing high impacts in terms of increased agricultural productivity, increased gross value ofagriculture production and improved livelihoods, the state government requested ICRISAT to lead aconsortium of CGIAR institutions working in India, and to operationalize impact oriented researchfor development with the aim of improving rural livelihoods. The ICRISAT-led consortium took upthis challenge and established a ?proof of concept? for translating strategic research knowledge intoimproving livelihoods through scaling up of the participatory research for development (PR4D) model.A number of meetings and stakeholder consultations were held to identify constraints and problemsof all four pilot locations, and the project was begun in 2013-14

publication date

  • 2015