Energy Sorghum : An alternative energy crop A Handbook uri icon

abstract

  • Increasing world market prices for fossil fuels, driven by limited reserves, growing demandand instability in producing regions, now render renewable fuels economical. Such fuels arealso a pathway to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and mitigating climate change.The transport sector which is almost totally dependent on fossil fuels, particularly forpowering personal vehicles and trucks, is the most concerned sector. Biofuels, defined assolid, liquid or gas fuels derived from biomass, are today the only direct substitute for fossilfuels on a significant scale particularly in transport sector. Biofuels are consideredenvironmentally friendly because the CO2 emissions they produce during combustion isbalanced by the CO2 absorbed by the plants growth. To be a viable substitute for fossil fuels,an alternative fuel should not only have superior environmental benefits over the fossil fuels itsubstitutes, be economically competitive with it, and be available in sufficient quantities tomake meaningful impact on energy demand, but it should also provide a net energy gainover the energy invested to produce it and have minimal effect on food security...{This handbook was elaborated in the framework of the SWEETFUEL project (grant agreement number 227422), supported by the European Commission}

publication date

  • 2014