Targeting and introduction of Chickpea improved cultivarsin Bihar state of India (Tropical Legumes II Phase 2 Project) uri icon


  • Chickpea is one of the major pulses in Bihar, with crop yield of 1000 kg/ha, which is higher than the national average of crop yield (841 kg/ha). Despite of huge potential and comparative advantage, the crop acreage and production of chickpea in Bihar has been in declining trend. Lack of availability of seed of improved varieties, problems in marketing the produces, and insecurity and/or widespread theft of crop from the field are some of the prominent reasons. A base line survey was conducted inselected eight villages in two districts of Bihar, which was with an aim of increasing the area and production of chickpea through adoption and diffusion of improved crop varieties. This was also associated with improved management practices in target districts of Bihar. The objective of this socio-economic study on chickpeas was to appraise the existing situation of production and marketing of chickpeas in selected districts/villages of Bihar, and with respect to adoption of alternate technologies, and its impacts on crop productivity. This includes also estimation of farmers? profitability in growing the crop. This is based on survey of sample of 135 farmers from each of the two districts; which were further divided into control and treatment groups. In 2012/13, the average yield of improved variety in adopted villages was 9.5 quintal /ha and the yield of local variety was 8.5 q/ha. The per capita income of farmers in the adopted village was more than that of control village, even though only about 54% of total household income was derived from the crop enterprise. However, the chickpea alone contributes to about Rs 9000 to 15000 per ha in the sample villages surveyed. Our study also suggests that chickpeas have a comparative advantage in Bihar than several other crops; and they are financially highly profitable in the study sites. Data pertaining to preferred traits for production, consumption and marketing indicated that those introduced varieties have been given higher yield, having better taste along with good keeping, and with better cooking quality, followed by fetching high price in the market are most preferred by all the respondents of study.Involvement of women in chickpeas production is very high, especially for harvesting and threshing activities. Major constraints in cultivation of chickpeas in the studied sites are high pod borer incidence, shortage of seed of HYV, lack of crop type suitable for flood receding agro-ecology, and lack of marketing infrastructures and storage of crops after harvest

publication date

  • 2014