Pigeonpea Baseline and Early Adoption Surveys in South Asia, Insights from TL-II (Phase 1) Project in India uri icon

abstract

  • Pigeonpea is an important pulse crop particularly in the semi-arid tropics of India contributing towards thenutritional security and also generates significant income to small and marginal farmers. Its share in India?spulse production is around 16%. India is the largest pigeonpea producing country in the world accounting fornearly 67% of the total production. Being a major pigeonpea consumer in the world, India imports around0.6 million tons of pigeonpea per year to meet the domestic needs from Africa, Nepal and Myanmar. Areaand production of pigeonpea in India showed a steady growth until recently. However, the productivityin the country has stagnated between 700 and 800 kg ha-1. Recent initiatives like National Food SecurityMission (NFSM), Accelerated Pulse Production Programme (A3P) and enhancement of minimum supportprice created more interest in pigeonpea growers in the country. Pigeonpea is one of the mandate crops ofthe International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and this premier internationalinstitute has been contributing significantly to the genetic improvement and crop management in Indiaand Africa during the last four decades. The generous support received from the Bill and Melinda GatesFoundation (BMGF) has provided ICRISAT an opportunity to work more intensively with its research anddevelopment partners to demonstrate the potential of new technologies to enhance the yields, raise theprofitability and revive the interest of the farmers in pigeonpea crop in India and the strategy chosen isfarmer participatory varietal selection (FPVS). This report synthesizes the efforts made under the TropicalLegumes-II Project during the short period of three years (2007-10) in the states of Andhra Pradesh andMaharashtra for pigeonpea crop improvement in India. Overall, the FPVS results established that the newimproved varieties outyielded the respective check varieties in the two states. The diffusion and adoptionof these varieties increased significantly in the targeted districts. From the past lessons learnt, the reportre-focuses on further efforts needed during the second phase of the project to achieve greater success and impact

publication date

  • 2014