Groundnut Baseline and Early-Adoption Surveys in South Asia:Insights from TL-II (Phase-1) Project: Synthesis Report 2013 uri icon

abstract

  • The production of groundnut and its cultivated areas in India showed a steady growth till the endof the twentieth century. Groundnut, however, lost its preeminence as the most important oilseedcrop in the country during the last 13 years after the liberalization of edible oil imports. Morerecently the importance of groundnut is increasing for food uses. Despite a growth in productivityeven during the last decade, the crop is losing areas in all the important growing states to moreprofitable crops. India is incurring a heavy import bill for the import of edible oils. India hasrelaunched a technology mission titled the ?Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm andMaize? development program to improve the productivity and production of oilseeds in the countryand to reduce dependence on the imports of edible oil. Groundnut is one of the mandate cropsof the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-arid Tropics (ICRISAT), and this premierinternational institute has been contributing its bit for genetic improvement, crop productionand protection practices in India and Africa during the last four decades. The generous supportreceived from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has provided ICRISAT an opportunity to workmore intensively with its research and development partners to demonstrate the potential of newtechnologies to enhance the yields, raise the profitability and revive the interest of the farmersin groundnut crop in India and the strategy chosen is the Farmer Participatory Varietal Selection(FPVS). This report synthesizes the efforts made during the short period of three years (2007?10) inthe states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu for groundnut crop improvement in India. Overall, the FPVSresults established that the new varieties out-yielded the respective check varieties in two states.Due to different constraints and lack of institutional support, the adoption of those cultivars was lowin the targeted districts. From the past lessons learned, the report refocuses on the further effortsneeded during the second phase of the project to achieve greater success and impact

publication date

  • 2013