Sweet sorghum ethanol production ? An economic assessment uri icon

abstract

  • Over the past two decades, India?s economy has grown on average at therate of 5-6% per annum. Energy consumption is one of the major indicatorsof the country?s economic progress and is one of the major inputs whose useincreases with economic growth and development. India ranks the sixth interms of energy demand accounting for 3.6% of the global energy demand(Prasad et al. 2007) and this is expected to increase by 4.8% in the next fewyears (Gonsalves 2006). Currently, India?s energy demand is primarily metthrough non-renewable energy sources like fossil fuels (coal, natural gas andoil). Being short in domestic production, India mainly depends on crude oilimports that have risen from 57.8 mt in 1999-2000 to 140.4 mt in 2009-10which accounts for about 81% of the oil consumption in the country (GOI2009).This in turn puts pressure on scarce foreign exchange resources (forinstance, the import bill of $75.6 billion in 2009-10). In the near future theimports are slated to rise further with no major breakthrough in domestic oilproduction and rise in vehicular population that has grown at 10% per annumbetween 2001 to 2006 and expected to continue in the near future

publication date

  • 2013