Bhoochetana: Building Resilience and Livelihoods through Integrated Watershed Management. Resilient Dryland Systems Report No. 62 uri icon

abstract

  • Rainfed areas are hotspots of poverty and malnutrition, and are prone tosevere land degradation of natural resources. Globally, 80% of agriculture israinfed providing 62% of the world?s staple food. With increasing populationover the years, per capita availability and quality of land and water resourceshave declined substantially resulting to water scarcity. Agriculture is the majorconsumer of water, accounting for 70-80% of water withdrawal. With theimpacts of climate change, existing water and land scarcity will be aggravatedfurther. Producing food for the ever growing population to achieve food andnutrition security, and improving rural livelihoods are challenges to be met todayas well as in the near future.Agriculture is the major contributor in the growth of the state of Karnataka,India and is still the mainstay for a large number of population in the stateeconomy. However, trends are showing that the agriculture and allied sectors?contribution to Karnataka?s GDP was around 43% in 1980-1981 that camedown to 26% in 2001-2002, which further came down to 16.8% in 2007-2008,remaining stagnant in 2009-2010. This declining contribution of agriculture inthe state GDP was a big concern for the state government

publication date

  • 2013