Technological and Institutional Interventions in Enhancing Livelihood of Farmers in Semi-Arid Tropics (SAT) Areas: Experience of ICRISAT-HOPE Project uri icon


  • The semi-arid tropics (SAT) are characterised by their poor natural resource base, high day temperatures,high evapo-transpiration, poor market linkages, low returns, risk bearing ability and repayment capacities.These areas shelter 75 per cent of the poor and accordingly deserve prime attention from the technologistsand policy makers. This paper highlights the impacts of the innovative HOPE (Harnessing Opportunitiesfor Productivity Enhancement of Dry Land Cereals) project of ICRISAT in addressing the poverty andrelated issues in the SA T states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana and Maharashtra. With key technologicaland institutional interventions the project has provided fillip to the integrated farming system characterisedby the time tested crop-livestock combination in Maharashtra, and pearl millet-buffaloes combination inGujarat, Rajasthan and Haryana. Thus, with diffusion of innovations, provision of quality seeds, efficientInput delivery and market linkage, more than 75 per cent of the farmers benefitted through bridging theproductivity gaps and thereby enhanced incomes in both crop and livestock sectors. The welfare gainsaccrued to the fanning community are evident due to cost effective technologies in harsh agro climaticconditions. These have nullified the vicious circle of poverty through effective and appropriateinstitutional interventions and infrastructure tailor made for semi-arid areas. It is crucial that the sorghumand pearl millet sector be supported by strong governmental policies and programmes, for food, fodder?and better nutrition through value addition and demand creation, as they are the prime crops supportingfood and fodder in dry land areas

publication date

  • 2013