Baseline Scenario of Rainy Season Pearl Millet in Haryana - Working Paper Series No. 40 uri icon

abstract

  • Pearl millet has been cultivated in Haryana as a dual purpose crop where grain and fodder are mostoften valued equally, which supports poor smallholders and livestock in the harsh agro-climaticregion. Currently, the productivity levels are low because of limited adoption of dryland technologiesby the poor. The HOPE project aimed at increasing the productivity of pearl millet by 35-40 % overthe base level by introducing on-shelf technology and improved management practices in thetargeted clusters over a period of four years. In this regard, the baseline survey was carried out in theprimary project intervention area (HOPE) where improved technologies have been introduced, and inmatching control villages with comparable agro-ecological and market conditions in non-interventionareas (non-HOPE), where improved technologies have not been made. The objective of this baselinesurvey was to appraise the existing situation of the targeted cluster villages with respect to adoptionof technologies, productivity, income, yield gaps and other socioeconomic issues. Pearl millet is themajor crop in the rainy season followed by mustard and gram in the rabi (postrainy) season. Theaverage productivity of pearl millet ranges from 1.54 ? 1.79 t/ha as against the potential yield of 2.5 ?2.9 t/ha, leaving a yield gap of 58-101%. In the HOPE clusters, adoption rate of hybrids is at the peak,covering around 48% (out of 124.5 ha) under public bred hybrids (HHB 67, HHB 67 Improved), and 50% under proprietary hybrids. While the same in non-HOPE area was 35% (out of 54.8 ha) under publicbred hybrids, and rest of the area is under proprietary hybrids. The yield gap of improved hybridsof pearl millet was estimated as 58-101%, as compared to the potential yield, which shows furtherscope for improvement in productivity levels. On an average, farmers were reaping a net benefit of isRs.2108 per ha in HOPE areas, while it was Rs.6238 per ha in non-HOPE area, after accounting the totalcosts. Farmers most preferred traits in public hybrids of pearl millet inter alia include more palatablegrain and fodder quality and disease-pest-moisture stress. Key critical constraints expressed by thefarmers are shortage of labour especially during harves

publication date

  • 2013