Increased arid and semi-arid areas in India with associated shifts during 1971-2004 uri icon

abstract

  • Climate change is one of the major challenges in 21st century faced by Agriculture in India, moreso in the Semi-Arid Tropics (SAT) of the country. In recent years, natural and anthropogenic factors haveimpacted climate variability and contributed to a large extent to climate change. Based on one degreegridded data of India Meteorological Department (IMD) for 34 years (1971-2004), climatic water balancesare computed for 351 pixels in India and used for classifying in to six climate types following Thornthwaite?smoisture regime classification and areas falling under different climatic zones in India are delineated.Considerable changes in the country?s climate area observed between the two periods; 1971-90 and1991-2004. Increased semi-arid area by 8.45 M ha in five states viz., Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, UttarPradesh, Karnataka and Punjab, and decreased semi-arid area by 5 M ha in eleven states, contributedto overall increase in SAT area of 3.45 M ha in the country.Overall, there has been a net reduction of10.71 M ha in the dry sub-humid area in the country. Results indicated that dryness and wetness areincreasing in different parts of the country in the place of moderate climates existing earlier in theseregions. ICRISAT?s Hypothesis of Hope through Integrated Genetic and Natural Resources Management(IGNRM) using climate ready crops and Integrated Watershed Management could be a potential adaptationstrategy by bridging the yield gaps for developing climate resilient agriculture in the country

publication date

  • 2013