Baseline Scenario of Postrainy Season Sorghum Economy in Marathwada Region of Maharashtra. Working Paper Series No. 38 uri icon

abstract

  • Postrainy season sorghum is one of the major dietary staple cereal crops in Marathwadaregion supporting food and fodder security. Currently, the productivity levels are extremelylow because of limited adoption of dryland technologies by the poor. Thus, the HOPEproject aimed at increasing the productivity of sorghum and pearl millet by 35-40%over the base level in South Asia through introducing on-shelf technology and improvedmanagement practices in the targeted clusters over a period of four years. In this regard,the baseline survey was conducted in the primary project intervention area (HOPE)where improved technologies have been introduced and in matching control villageswith comparable agro-ecological and market conditions in non-intervention area (non-HOPE), where improved technologies have not been made. The objective of the baselinesurvey was to appraise the existing situation of the targeted cluster villages with respectto adoption of technologies, productivity, income, yield gaps and other socioeconomicissues. The coverage area of improved rabi sorghum varieties were around 15% in HOPEand 5% in non-HOPE areas, where the yield gap was estimated at 40?50% as compared tothe potential yield for the improved varieties. The productivity of rabi sorghum in the HOPEarea was 1.17 t/ha and in the non-HOPE area 1.2 t/ha. However, in the HOPE area farmersare receiving a net return of ` 2017 per ha and in the non-HOPE ` 2421 considering allcosts. The annual per capita income in the HOPE area is ` 32,029, while in the non-HOPEarea, it is ` 40,669, of which 65% is derived from crop enterprise only. There is significantinvolvement of women in activities such as land preparation, intercultural operations,harvesting and threshing. Moisture stress especially during sowing and/or terminalstage and shortage of labor especially during harvesting and threshing were some of thekey critical constraints expressed by the farmers in adoption of improved rabi sorghumtechnologies

publication date

  • 2013